A short history of Senegal, told in graffiti


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Since independence in 1960, there have been four presidents. Here are three of them, from left to right: Leopold Sedar Senghor (1960-1980), Abdou Diouf (1981-2000) and Abdoulaye Wade (2000-2012)

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In the elections 2012, Wade didn’t want to step down after having completed two terms. The constitutional limit to two terms per President was only introduced in 2001. Wade argued that his first term, which started in 2000, thus doesn’t count. The Constitutional Court ruled he was right. Nevertheless….

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…. Macky Sall (the only guy in this picture you don’t know) won, after protestors had demonstrated against the ruling and clashes between various groups erupted. Some seem to see Macky Sall in a line with very influential people. The Senegalese friend of a German friend in Dakar said things were better under Wade. People in her eyes made the mistake to believe Sall’s promises before the elections, but now none of them came true. She is also unhappy that Sall has strongly cut student loans.

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About 44% of people in Senegal are 14 or younger.
(The guy in the corner is older than 14. Thank you, Johannes, for the three fish heads for lunch.)

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Taking off to “Ile de Goree”. The island was a slave trading point from the 18th century onwards. Standing at the “door of no return”, a door towards the sea where slaves allegedly were put on the boats, felt disgusting.

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Arriving in style.

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Can we please stay here longer?

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Back on the mainland: Amadou Bamba founded the “Muridiyya” in late 19th century, a sufi brotherhood that’s very influential in Senegal. The group controls certain sectors of the economy, for example the minibus “car rapids” enterprises. My German friend Johannes said he’s only starting to understand how the influence of the Murids really works. In taxis, barbershops, on random walls: Pictures of Amadou Bamba are everywhere.

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Globalisation in the terms of war.

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The monument of African renaissance is the highest on the whole continent. The construction was allegedly carried out by a North Korean firm, clearly a fabulous example for South-South cooperation.

Contemplating this, my time was up and I had to fly home. Bye-bye for now, Dakar.

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